Sprache: DE

What does EU Directive 2018/852 on packaging and packaging waste regulate?

The EU Packaging Directive 2018/852, which represents an amendment to Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste, is a pivotal step towards a more sustainable packaging economy within the European Union. This directive establishes the regulatory foundations for packaging manufacturing, packaging consumption, and packaging waste management to minimize the environmental impacts throughout the entire lifecycle of packaging.

EU Packaging Directive 2018/852

1. Objective and Scope of the Packaging Directive 2018/852

Packaging Directive 2018/852 aims to reduce the negative environmental impacts of packaging and packaging waste while simultaneously promoting the internal market. It applies to all packaging placed on the EU market and sets specific requirements and objectives for the reduction, reuse, and recycling of packaging waste.

2. Prevention of Packaging Waste

The directive emphasizes the necessity to avoid packaging waste through preventive measures. This includes promoting reusable packaging and reducing packaging material without compromising the necessary function of the packaging.

3. Reuse and Recycling

Member states are encouraged to take measures to promote the reuse of packaging and achieve specific recycling targets for packaging waste. Clear target specifications are set for various materials such as glass, paper and cardboard, metals, plastics, and wood.

4. Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

The directive strengthens the principles of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) and obliges manufacturers to participate in the costs for the collection, sorting, and recovery of packaging waste. This is intended to help increase recycling rates and minimize the environmental impacts of packaging waste. By 2025, every EU state must implement a regulation for packaging, but this is already the case almost everywhere.

5. Information and Labeling Obligations

Manufacturers and distributors are urged to provide clear information on the handling of packaging and the disposal of packaging waste. This is intended to promote awareness and responsible action by consumers regarding packaging waste. Each member state can enact its own laws on this.

6. Connection with the European Green Deal

Packaging Directive 2018/852 is closely linked with the European Green Deal, which aims to make the EU climate-neutral by 2050. By minimizing the environmental impacts of packaging and promoting recycling and reuse, the directive contributes to strengthening the principles of the circular economy and reducing the environmental burden of packaging waste.

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